Cirugia del Parpado
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La cirugía del párpado (conocida técnicamente como blefaroplastia) es un procedimiento que se utiliza para extraer la grasa usualmente al mismo tiempo que exceso de piel y músculo  de los párpados superiores e inferiores. La cirugía puede corregir la separación de los párpados superiores y embolsamiento de la parte inferior de los ojos  los cuales son rasgos que lo pueden hacer verse más viejo y más cansado de lo que usted se siente, algunos pueden incluso interferir con su visión. Sin embargo, este procedimiento no elimina las arrugas o llamadas "patas de gallo", casi no elimina los círculos oscuros por debajo de los ojos ni levanta las cejas caídas. Aunque sí puede ayudar a incrementar el doblez de un párpado superior en ojos de personas Asiáticas, no puede eliminar la evidencias de sus rasgos étnicos o raciales. La blefaroplastia se puede realizar exclusivamente o al mismo tiempo que otros procedimientos quirúrgicos faciales, tal vez como un estiramiento de piel facial o una ritidectomía coronal.

Si está considerando una cirugía del párpado, este folleto le dará un entendimiento básico del procedimiento ¬ en qué momento puede ayudar, cómo se realiza y qué resultados puede esperar. El folleto no puede contestar todas sus preguntas ya que hay muchas cosas que dependen del paciente y del cirujano individuales. Por favor pregunte a su cirujano cualquier cosa que no comprenda.

La blefaroplastia puede mejorar su apariencia y la confianza que tiene en usted mismo, no cambiará necesariamente su apariencia de manera que quede de una forma ideal, ni puede hacer que otra gente lo trate diferente. Antes de decidir hacerse la cirugía piense cuidadosamente en sus expectativas y háblelas con su cirujano.

Los mejores candidatos para la cirugía del párpado son hombres y mujeres quienes están físicamente saludables, son psicológicamente estables y son realistas en sus expectativas. La mayoría de los candidatos tienen 35 años o más, sin embargo, si los párpados caídos son típicos de los rasgos de su familia, podrá decidir someterse a la cirugía del párpado a una edad más temprana.

Hay ciertas condiciones médicas que pueden hacer que la blefaroplastia sea más riesgosa, éstas incluyen problemas de la tiroides tales como el hypertiroidismo y la enfermedad de Graves, problemas de falta de humedad en el ojo o falta de suficiente lagrimeo, alta presión sanguínea u otros trastornos de la circulación, enfermedades cardiovasculares y diabetes. Una retina desprendida o glucoma también es una razón por la cual hay que tener precaución; verifique con su oftalmólogo antes de hacerse la cirugía.

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Procedural Steps:

What happens during eyelid surgery?
Eyelid Surgery Walkthrough

Step 1 Anesthesia
Medications are administered for your comfort during the surgical procedure. The choices include intravenous sedation or general anesthesia. Your doctor will recommend the best choice for you.

Step 2 The Incision
The incision lines for eyelid surgery are designed for scars to be well concealed within the natural structures of the eyelid region.

Droopy conditions of the upper eyelid can be corrected through an incision within the natural crease of the upper eyelid allowing repositioning of fat deposits, tightening of muscles and tissue, and/or removal of excess skin.
Eyelid Surgery, Incision
Eyelid Surgery, Outline
Eyelid Surgery, Final

Conditions of the lower eyelid may be corrected with an incision just below the lower lash line. Through this incision, excess skin in the lower eyelids is removed.

A transconjunctival incision, one hidden inside the lower eyelid, is an alternate technique to correct lower eyelid conditions and redistribute or remove excess fat.

Transconjunctival, OutlineTransconjunctival, Incision

Step 3 Closing The Incisions
Eyelid incisions typically are closed with:

  • Removable or absorbable sutures
  • Skin adhesives
  • Surgical tape

Your surgeon may use a laser chemical peel to erase dark discoloration of the lower eyelids.

Step 4 See The Results
The results of eyelid surgery will appear gradually as swelling and bruising subside to reveal a smooth, better-defined eyelid and surrounding region, and an alert and rejuvenated appearance.

The results of eyelid surgery

Important Facts About the Safety and Risks of Eyelid Surgery
The decision to have eyelid surgery is extremely personal and you’ll have to decide if the benefits will achieve your goals and if the risks and potential complications are acceptable.

Your plastic surgeon and/or staff will explain in detail the risks associated with surgery. You will be asked to sign consent forms to ensure that you fully understand the procedure you will undergo and any risks or potential complications.

Possible risks of eyelid surgery include:

  • Unfavorable scarring
  • Temporarily blurred or impaired vision
  • Dry eyes
  • Difficulty closing your eyes
  • Lid lag, a pulling down of the lower eyelid may occur and is often temporary
  • Ectropion, rolling of the eyelid outwards
  • Bleeding (hematoma)
  • Poor wound healing
  • Infection
  • Fluid accumulation
  • Blood clots
  • Numbness and other changes in skin sensation
  • Anesthesia risks

Eyelid disorders that involve abnormal position of the upper eyelids (eyelid ptosis), loose eyelid skin, or abnormal laxness of the lower eyelid (ectropion) can coexist with sagging forehead and eyebrow structures; brow lift surgery will not correct these disorders; additional surgery may be required

  • Pain, which may persist
  • Skin discoloration and swelling
  • Sutures may spontaneously surface through the skin, become visible or produce irritation that require removal
  • Deep vein thrombosis, cardiac and pulmonary complications
  • Possibility of revisional surgery
  • Loss of eyesight

Be sure to ask questions: It’s very important to ask your plastic surgeon questions about your eyelid procedure. It’s natural to feel some anxiety, whether it’s excitement for your anticipated new look or a bit of preoperative stress. Don’t be shy about discussing these feelings with your plastic surgeon.

A Special Note About The Use Of Fibrin Sealants (Tissue Glue)
Fibrin sealants (made from heat-treated human blood components to inactivate virus transmission) are used to hold tissue layers together at surgery and to diminish post-operative bruising following surgery.
This product has been carefully produced from screened donor blood plasma for hepatitis, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These products have been used safely for many years as sealants in cardiovascular and general surgery. This product is thought to be of help in diminishing surgical bleeding and by adhering layers of tissue together.

When You Go Home
If you experience shortness of breath, chest pains, or unusual heart beats, seek medical attention immediately. Should any of these complications occur, you may require hospitalization and additional treatment.
The practice of medicine and surgery is not an exact science. Although good results are expected, there is no guarantee. In some situations, it may not be possible to achieve optimal results with a single surgical procedure. Another surgery may be necessary.

Be Careful
Following your physician’s instructions is key to the success of your surgery. It is important that the surgical incisions are not subjected to excessive force, abrasion or motion during the time of healing. Your doctor will give you specific instructions on how to care for yourself.

My Recovery
After your procedure is completed, lubricating ointment and cold compresses may be applied, and in some cases your eyes may be loosely covered with gauze.

You will be given specific instructions that may include: how to care for your eyes, medications to apply or take orally to aid healing and reduce the potential for infection, specific concerns to look for at the surgical site or in your overall health, and when to follow-up with your plastic surgeon.
Initial healing may include some swelling, bruising, irritation or dry eyes and discomfort that can be controlled with medication, cold compresses and ointment. Irritation at the incision sites also is possible.

A special note: You must practice diligent sun protection and use darkly tinted sunglasses until the healing process is fully complete.

The Results Will Be Long-Lasting
Your final results will appear within several weeks, but it may take up to a year for incision lines to fully refine.
While eyelid surgery can be expected to correct certain conditions permanently, you will continue to age naturally. Life-long sun protection will help to maintain your results.

How much will eyelid surgery cost?
Cost is always a consideration in elective surgery. Prices for eyelid surgery can vary widely. A surgeon’s cost for blepharoplasty may vary based on his or her experience, the type of procedure used, as well as geographic office location.

Many plastic surgeons offer patient financing plans, so be sure to ask.

Cost may include:

  • Surgeon’s fee
  • Hospital or surgical facility costs
  • Anesthesia fees
  • Prescriptions for medication, and
  • Medical tests

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